Psychological burden of healthcare professionals in Germany during the acute phase of the COVID-19 pandemic: differences and similarities in the international context

Abstract:

Background Healthcare professionals (HPs) are the key figures to keep up the healthcare system during the COVID-19 pandemic and thus are
one of the most vulnerable groups in this. To this point, the extent of this psychological burden, especially in Europe and Germany, remains
unclear. This is the first study investigating German HPs after the COVID-19 outbreak.
Methods We performed an online-based cross-sectional study after the COVID-19 outbreak in Germany (10–31 March 2020). In total, 2224
HPs (physicians n = 492, nursing staff n = 1511, paramedics n = 221) and 10 639 non-healthcare professionals (nHPs) were assessed including
generalized anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-2), current health status (EQ-5D-3L),
COVID-19-related fear, subjective level of information regarding COVID-19.
Results HPs showed less generalized anxiety, depression and COVID-19-related fear and higher health status and subjective level of
information regarding COVID-19 than the nHPs. Within the HP groups, nursing staff were the most psychologically burdened. Subjective levels
of information regarding COVID-19 correlated negatively with generalized anxiety levels across all groups. Among HPs, nursing staff showed
the highest and paramedics the lowest generalized anxiety levels.
Conclusions In the context of COVID-19, German HPs seem to be less psychological burdened than nHPs, and also less burdened compared
with existing international data.
Keywords COVID-19, generalized anxiety, healthcare professionals, information, psychological burden

SEEK ID: https://seek.studyhub.nfdi4health.de/publications/4

DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdaa124

Projects: COVID-19 related studies and tools in Germany

Publication type: Journal

Journal: Journal of Public Health

Citation: Journal of Public Health 42(4):688-695

Date Published: 1st Dec 2020

Registered Mode: by DOI

Authors: Eva-Maria Skoda, Martin Teufel, Andreas Stang, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Florian Junne, Benjamin Weismüller, Madeleine Hetkamp, Venja Musche, Hannah Kohler, Nora Dörrie, Adam Schweda, Alexander Bäuerle

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Skoda, E.-M., Teufel, M., Stang, A., Jöckel, K.-H., Junne, F., Weismüller, B., … Bäuerle, A. (2020). Psychological burden of healthcare professionals in Germany during the acute phase of the COVID-19 pandemic: differences and similarities in the international context. Journal of Public Health, 42(4), 688–695. http://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa124
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Created: 2nd Mar 2021 at 09:07

Last updated: 2nd Mar 2021 at 09:09

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